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Project for the Small Modular Reactors-SMR

BACKGROUND

Romania has the potential of implementing small modular reactors, and becoming a catalyst for the development of SMR in the region, and also a base for ensuring the operation of this new type of technology in other states. For this purpose, we will develop the first simulator for the control room of a modular reactor, which we will use for training the new generation of engineers.

In this regard, in November 2021, Nuclearelectrica and NuScale Power signed an agreement in order to advance the implementation of the innovative technology of the small modular reactors of NuScale, in Romania, in this decade.

This agreement follows a MoU concluded in 2019 with NuScale and a grant of 1.2 million dollars granted by USTDA to SNN for assessing potential sites.

Romania has over 25 years of experience in safely operating one of the highest-performing power plants in the world, and a team of professional engineers, a globally-renowned local school of engineers, and a vast supply chain.

Approximately 70 concepts of SMR reactors are in progress, in various stages, with technological differences, a different implementation level, as well as various licensing levels, which proves the interest and innovation in this field, and the efforts of regulatory agencies to license the SMR reactor. Countries such as France, UK, Poland, Bulgaria, USA and Canada are making intense efforts to implement SMRs. However, NuScale is the first SMR reactor which has received the design approval from the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), and will follow all the necessary steps for obtaining the license in EU and in the countries that are interested in implementing it.

 

DESCRIPTION

Small modular reactors (SMRs) are advanced nuclear reactors that have an installed capacity of up to 300 Mwe/reactor, which means approximately a third of the capacity of a gigawatt reactor. A small modular reactor from NuScale has an installed capacity of 77 Mwe and can be used in plants of 4, 6 or 12 modules, as needed.

In virtue of the Agreement between SNN and NuScale, NuScale will support Nuclearelectrica in assessing this technology and, together, the two companies will take measures for developing the small nuclear reactors in Romania.

 

CAPACITY

6 modules with an installed capacity of 462 Mwe

 

STAGES OF IMPLEMENTATION

Based on the analyses related to the implementation of a nuclear project, including site analyses, the implementation stages will be determined.

NuScale’s nuclear technology will mainly be developed on the sites of former coal-fired power plants. Thus, it will support the National Recovery and Resilience Plan of the Government of Romania to decommission 4.59 GWe of coal capacity by 2032.

In terms of the energy produced, a NuScale power plant is similar to an existing coal-fired power plant and can be built on the same site, and can reuse the existing transportation infrastructure, which makes it an ideal solution for replacing a coal-fired power plant.

 

COMMISSIONING

This decade

 

ESTIMATED COST

It will be estimated following the preliminary stage of project configuration

 

FINANCING STRUCTURE

It will be estimated following the preliminary stage of project configuration

 

SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC EFFECTS

A NuScale power plant with 6 modules will generate 193 permanent jobs, 1500 jobs during the construction period, 2300 jobs in manufacturing.

 

TONS OF CO2 AVOIDED

4 million tons of CO2 every year

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